Back Pains and How to Manage Them

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Back pain is a symptom of a medical condition when one experiences an aching sensation in his back. Medics have described it as one of the major cause of job-related absence across the world. Even though no one is immune to back pain, recent research has indicated a high prevalence in adults of thirty five(35) years to fifty five (55) years old and can vary in strength from mild to more severe.
 
Types and Causes
In diagnosis of back pain in patients, specialists have focused on the way the patient describe his condition as well as the area of distribution of his back pain narrowing down to the following common types of back pains:
(a)Axial back pain-This is the most common and is also referred to as mechanical pain. It is known to manifest itself in different ways i.e. very sharp; or continued pain; or even intermittent pain. Attributed to the wearing out of the joints connecting vertebrae together.
 
(b)Referred back pain-This one is very dull and achy and goes around the back varying in strength and intensity. Often caused by damage to the sensory nerves interlinking the lower back.
 
(c)Radicular back pain-Well described as very deep and spreading through the arms and legs. It is often accompanied by a feeling of numbness and tingly feeling. Caused by the inflammation of the spinal root at the back. It is also termed as sciatica.
 
Back pains appear through any feeling of an ache anywhere in the back. Modern research work has shown that pregnancy, depression, obesity, smoking as well as performing strenuous physical activities predispose one to back pains. They may be mild and severe but in most cases they do clear within a short time. However, sometimes medical intervention may become necessary. Lifestyle experts recommend applying various self help techniques to help avoid or manage back pains.
 
It is however important to note that each person may require a different approach to managing his back pain. The following should thus serve as a guide on the most common ways of dealing with a back pain without necessarily seeking medical attention:
(a) Physical exercises – Engaging in more physical exercises regularly have been shown to cut down on the inflammation and reducing muscle tension.
 
(b)Quit smoking – Smoking inhibits the free circulation of air and nutrients in the body system especially the spinal cord. Quitting smoking is likely to reverse the trend and tremendously reduce the risking of developing back pains.
 
(c)Appropriate sleeping position – If you have a history of back pains, you might need to consult your doctor on the best sleeping position. You might consider sleeping on your side with soft pillows that will help you reduce the back pain.
 
(d)Standing and sitting posture – The recommended sitting position should provide a straight back with less support on the back. For those who must stand for long, ensure your head is kept high and your stomach is withdrawn.
 
(e)Lifting behaviour – Always bend and squat your knees when lifting heavy objects and avoid bending over right from the waistline as this will strain your back muscles.
 

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